India, as stated before, is a deviant case of a working democracy. It faces many different challenges having one of the largest populations in the world while also being very diverse religiously and ethically. The country still struggles with massive wealth disparity and overall poverty, making it hard for there to be a middle class. The Indian government is set up as a federal parliament. India practices a bicameral congress system, with the lower chamber being the Lok Sabha and the upper chamber being the Rajya Sabha. The government basically runs through the Lok Sabha due them electing the prime minister, controlling fiscal and monetary policy, as well as keeping the Supreme Court in check. India’s economy is known for having strong regulation by the government, which is handled by the Lok Sabha and ultimately the Prime Minister.
So does this strong economic regulation by the government help or hurt the people of India?
Well, just this past week, the Prime Minister used fiscal policy to demonetize some old currency bills, and ban their use. This, however, caused large uproar in the congress, especially by the President of the Congress Rahul Gandhi(1). Gandhi stated that this act only made the rich richer and the poor poorer, which is a recurring problem in India. This could be a step forward for India though due to the congress called out the Prime Minister on his wrongdoings.
India has shown a lot of recent growth in many areas, but the massive problems regarding wealth disparity will always hinder them from becoming a great democracy.
Dickovick and Eastwood. “India.” IMTC. 13 Nov. 2018.
PTI. “Note Ban Hurt the Poor, Benefited Rich: Rahul Gandhi in Chhattisgarh – Times of India.” The Times of India, 13 Nov. 2018, https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/note-ban-hurt-the-poor-benefited-rich-rahul-gandhi-in-chhattisgarh/articleshow/66603711.cms