Since the Mexican Revolution ended in 1917, the Mexican political system can be viewed as “peaceful.” The Constitution of 1917 laid the groundwork for Mexico to ensure that there would no doctoral uprisings/revolutions as well as establishing new economic systems to stimulate Mexico’s economy. However, although Mexico offers elections every six years and there is a little censure of the press, the political party called the PRI has “an inordinate amount of power,” making the government dominated by a secular party that often uses authoritative tactics to stifle opposition.
On July 1, 2018, the Mexican government held a presidential election in which Andrés Manuel López Obrador was elected president. In an article by the Economist, it states that once elected he pledged “a change in regime, not just a government.” He has pledged to improve Mexico’s economy by centralizing a moderate economy, but not necessarily democratizing which is seen in neoliberal economies. His efforts to do so have resulted in his commitment to not raise taxes in the first three years of his presidency. His cuts thus far in salaries of senior officials run the risk of being detrimental to a potential uprising within the state. AMLO has been able to fight corruption and violence and restored the authority of the federal government. However, the ways in which he has been fighting corruption appears to turn his Morena into the party of the state.
Can a country be considered a democracy if their leader holds authoritative tendencies, but overall democratic ideals?
In regards to Mexico, a way to measure if it is truly a democracy is by using Satori’s Ladder. It would start with the procedural minimum definition of democracy, which is if it meets the requirements for an electoral regime. This device would help to determine if Mexico is a democracy or an illiberal democracy with diminished subtypes.
Patrick H. O’Neil, Karl Fields, Don Share, Cases in Comparative Politics: Sixth Edition (2018).
“Mexico’s New President Sets out to Change His Country’s Course.” The Economist. September 20, 2018. Accessed October 18, 2018. https://www.economist.com/the-americas/2018/09/22/mexicos-new-president-sets-out-to-change-his-countrys-course.