With the recent increase in the democratization of many nations across the world, there has been a multitude of new forms of democracy. These new democracies vary in their style which has led many political scientists to question how each democracy should be labeled. This resulted in a new form of reviewing democracies called analytic differentiation. This new structure of evaluation allows political scholars to view each individual democracy instead as a more broad concept. Also, this analyzation has prompted many to challenge a multitude of these newer democracies.
One of these democracies that has been put into a spotlight by political scholars is Ghana. Since its transition to democracy in 1992, Ghana has had issues with free and fair voting and transitions of power. In the Newspaper, Modern Ghana, The Dean of Studies and Research at the Institute of Local Government, Dr. Eric Oduro-Osae states that Ghana’s democracy has so far been successful but many of the checks and balances have failed. He believes the failures of these checks has led to the increasing income gap in the country. His report suggested that the upper class earns more in a month than what the poor will earn in 1,000 years. This drastic difference is partly due to the corruption in the government that has benefited the wealthier in Ghana. Ghana can also not stray away from these corrupt leaders because it is harder to communicate to the general population because Ghana has high illiteracy rate and unlike larger and more powerful democracies, Ghana cannot distribute political information in an abundance ways.
Should the U.S. step in and aid these democracies in their process in democratization?
Although the U.S. has a history of interfering in these transitions because they refuse to give these countries time to become democratic, our government should not “help” these nations because it can take many years for a democracy to fully develop. Also, there is now various way to view or analyze a democracy, so the U.S. should not “jump the gun” and force the other country to accept our aid in their democratization.
Anim-Appau, Felix. “Ghana’s Democracy Widening Inequality Gap.” Modern Ghana, Modern Ghana. (20 Sept. 2018.) http://www.modernghana.com/news/883925/ghanas-democracy-widening-inequality-gap.html.