Iranian Government

Bryn Donovan

12 January 2018

AP Comp Gov

Memo #11

In Comparative Politics: Integrating Theories, Methods, and Cases, Iran is examed to look at what led the country to the Islamic Revolution in 1979. In 1795, Iran was under Sharia Law and was ruled by a monarchy. After leaders such as Mohammad Reza Shan tried to make the country more western in the industrial and cultural sense, there was a backlash that put Mosaddeq in power as Prime Minister. His main goal was to nationalize Iran’s oil. Mexico had been trying to do this as well, as a way to stabilize its economy. Mossadeq’s regime brought the country away from western values and ultimately led to the White Revolution in 1963. The revolution gave women the right to vote and got rid of some of the clerics that were in power. Clerics are an important part of the government and have the power to reject the president, veto laws, and appoint parliament. The Islamic Revolution ultimately brought a more conservative regime into power and restored the strong religious ties in the government.

Why did Iran become more conservative while other countries become more liberal with revolution?

Comparing Iran to Mexico, they have similar resources, namely oil, and one political party in charge for a long time. While Mexico changed their government and became more progressive, Iran became a more conservative government. This is most likely due to the close ties with the Shi’a religion. Iran was supported by the United States at different times, and when Jimmy Carter began pushing for human rights, this took even more support away from the Shah before the White Revolution. Currently, tensions are high between Iran and the USA because, in September, rockets were fired by militias near the embassy buildings. The White House asked the Pentagon to look into a military strike back.

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