The Welfare State

It is important to start off with the definition of the Welfare State, which is defined in ITMC as “A state that aims to provide a basic safety net for the most vulnerable elements of its population, often accomplished through social insurance, public health care plans and poverty relief.” There are currently three main types of welfare states, with one of them being the liberal welfare state (think US), which tends to have modes social insurance plans and helps lower classes. The second and third focus more on the middle class, and are the corporatist (think Germany), which is conservative and post industrial, and social democratic types (think Sweden), which believes in equality and vast social rights.

The current or relatively current situation in Sweden involving immigration has relation to this. Sweden’s Welfare State is described by the New York Times, not as a safety net, but as a “nest.” That is, the Swedish people and their father and grandfathers built the existing Welfare System. With a population of under 10 million, the addition of 150,000 new immigrants proved harmful to the Welfare State and the once welcoming Swedes are now trying to turn their backs on refugees.

To what extent are immigrants be blamed for hurting welfare states in countries?

In a liberal welfare state like the USA, immigration is hurting it. This is because liberal welfare states tend to help the lower class, and with new immigrants coming in and occupying jobs, it is not helpful for the poorer community. In middle class oriented welfare states, immigration can be problematic because immigrants will apply for welfare and when they recieve aid, it is taking it away from the working middle class.

Erlanger, Steven. “Sweden Was Long Seen as a ‘Moral Superpower.’ That May Be Changing.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 3 Sept. 2018,

James Tyler Dickovick and Jonathan Eastwood, Comparative Politics: Classic and Contemporary Readings (New York ; Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017), 65-69.

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