Structure of India’s Government

Henry Vaule



Memo #8

Although there have been multiple instances of government restrictions on civil rights and periodic demonstrations of intolerance towards protests, Indian politics have been successful and inclusive. With an extensive population size and variety of races and cultures, India has an array of political groups. The Indian National Congress was founded in 1885 with the idea of national independence. This party gained large amounts of support and after India gained their independence, the INC pursued a more socially democratic form of rule. The INC later fell apart, which gave way for The Bharatiya Janata Party. This parties influence grew as support for secularism increased. The BJP continued their advocacy for Hindu nationalist party with very little influence until 2014, when they came into power. The parties on the left mainly follow communist beliefs, however, have struggled to gain power without seeking help or forming alliances with other parties.

Although the Bharatiya Janata Party was not initially able to gain power, the gradual fall of The Indian National Congress helped their growth as a party. According to Hindustan Times, the BJP has dominated the political race since their initial rise to power in 2014. The BJP adopted an emphasis on Hindu nationalism and a “new developmentalism” because secularism fell out of favor. After a decisive single-party parliamentary majority it earned in 2014 and victories in many state elections, allowed the BJP to quickly make a lasting impact on the Indian government.

With a large diversity in India, what makes their political party system successful?

India’s political party system is prosperous because they have a collection of different parties that maintain the ideals of many groups. Also, each party has an equal and fair opportunity to gain power within the government.  

ONeil, Patrick H., Karl J. Fields, and Donald Share. Cases in Comparative Politics. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2018.

Vaishnav, Milan, Jayaram Ravi, and Jamie Hintson. “What’s Fuelling BJP’s Dominance in Indian Politics?” (October 08, 2018.)

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