After the 10 years Maoist Civil War, the Nepalese government created a constitution in 2015. This constitution made the government federal, which better represented the vast diversity of Nepal. Within Nepal, there have been many cases of marginalized ethnic groups that were not previously represented. So this constitution established seven states. However, even the provisional boundaries for these states caused protests between different groups. These protests lead to the death of at least 40 people. With an unsuccessful past and ethnic groups protests, much of Nepal was uncertain about the newly formed constitution.
Now that three years have passed since the creation of the Nepalese Constitution, we are able to see the lasting effects of their changes. According to the Korea Herald, since 2015 Nepal has seen rapid economic growth and development, while reconstructing and rehabilitating infrastructures that were damaged during the earthquake in 2015. In the years 2016 and 2017, Nepal saw economic growth of 7.5 and 6.9 percent. This growth is expected to continue into next year and the future. Also, Nepal has focused on restoring ethnic groups connection through democratic means. Nepal foremost ambassador stated that they are aiming to maintain stability, advance socioeconomic transformation and ensure social justice, good governance and the rule of law.
How do federal governments allow various ethnic groups to gain power within the government?
Since a federal system enables state governments to be more involved in the governing process, ethnic groups, no matter the population, are able to voice their opinions on laws. Especially, in Nepal’s case, this helped ethnic groups regain trust between each other and the government.
Dickovick, James Tyler, and Jonathan Eastwood. Current Debates in Comparative Politics. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2019.
Herald. “Nepal Progresses with Republican Constitution, Grassroots Democracy.” The Korea Herald. (October 01, 2018.) http://www.koreaherald.com/view.php?ud=20181001000839.