Authoritarianism

SummaryTermsEssential QuestionsHeadlinesCCR Major Theories and IdeasPast AP QuestionsComparative Chart

Summary

  • Concepts
    • Authoritarianism is a form of government or regime that is non-democratic
  • Types
    • Totalitarian
    • Personalistic dictatorship
    • Bureaucratic authoritarianism
    • Theocracy
  • Causes and Effects
    • Poverty
    • Weak state
    • Political culture
    • Historical institutions

Terms

https://quizlet.com/286548611/match/embed


Essential Questions

What tools are used to keep power in authoritarian regimes, and how can they contribute to the potential downfall of the regime?

How do clearly repressive authoritarian regimes maintain legitimacy?

How do authoritarian regimes resolve the contradiction between themselves and the democratic nature of capitalism?


Headlines


CCR Major Theories and Ideas

7.1 The Rise of Competitive Authoritarianism – Steven Levitsky and Lucan Way

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Levitsky and Way stake a claim that not all regimes should not be expected to be transitioning toward a democracy. They both believe that it is important to see the emergence or persistence of non-democratic regimes. These authors also state multiple areas in which opposition may challenge these regimes for example, elections, legislature, judiciary and last but not least media.

 

7.2 Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy – Barrington Moore

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Moore argues that the origins of these dictatorships can be found in the relative powers of different major political actors, and that the path of democracy sharpley contrast the path of dictatorship. This is best represented through the phrase, “No bourgeoisie, no democracy.”

 

 

7.3 Economic Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy – Daron Acemoglu and James Robinson

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Acemoglu and Robinson create 4 case studies to compare the paths to democracy and authoritarian. These cases include Argentina, Great Britain, Singapore and South Africa. The believe that the explanation for these differences depends on the calculation of the elites facing distinct levels of economic inequality, social unrest and costs of repression.


Past AP Questions

5.     Define the term “rule of law.” Describe an institutional arrangement that promotes the rule of law in democratic regimes. Explain why authoritarian regimes resist the rule of law. (2017)

6.     Forms of political participation vary in both democratic and authoritarian regimes. (2016)

  1. Describe how participation in elections is different in democratic regimes and authoritarian regimes.
  2. Describe how political participation through social media is different in democratic regimes and authoritarian regimes.
  3. Describe how participation in civil society is different in democratic regimes and authoritarian regimes.
  4. Explain why people participate politically in democratic regimes. Explain why people participate politically in authoritarian regimes.
  5. Explain authoritarian regimes allow certain forms of political participation.
  6. Explain why democratic regimes restrict certain forms of political participation.

7.     Refer to the following map and indicator of democracy from the Economist Intelligence Unit. (2013)

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  1. Define the concept of a hybrid regime.
  2. Using the map above, identify the type of regime in Russia AND identify the type of regime in China.
  3. Describe the characteristics of TWO of the following elements of Russia’s political system. Explain how these characteristics contribute to the regime designation of Russia.
    • Electoral competition
    • Civil society
    • Media
  4. Describe the characteristics of TWO of the following elements of China’s political system. Explain how these characteristics contribute to the regime designation of China.
    • Electoral competition
    • Civil society
    • Media

8.    The media serves an important function in all political systems. (2017)

  1. Identify one governmental constraint on media freedom in China in the past decade AND explain how it helps sustain the authoritarian regime in China.
  2. Explain why China has allowed some media freedom in the past decade.
  3. Explain how the media helps sustain democracy in Mexico.
  4. Describe on nongovernmental constraint on media freedom in Mexico in the past decade.
  5. Explain why democratic regimes place constraints on media.

Comparative Chart

United Kingdom Mexico Nigeria Russia China Iran
Authoritarian tendencies: N/A Authoritarian tendencies:

Went from authoritarian rule to democracy

Authoritarian tendencies:

Went from authoritarian rule to democracy

Authoritarian tendencies:

Delegative democracy
Personalistic dictatorship  

→ Putin has created this idea that if there is “No Putin, there is no Russia.”

Authoritarian tendencies:

Bureaucratic authoritarianism
Theocracy:

Confucianism

Authoritarian tendencies:

Theocracy

The Koran serves as a spiritual text as the foundation for unified national ideology that is embodied by the political system