Summary – Terms – Essential Questions – Headlines – Major Theories and Ideas – Past AP Questions – Comparative Chart
Democracy has several different meanings that can be representative or direct. The biggest distinction being whether or not the definition is procedural or substantive. Regime change can occur within democracies during development or breakdown. The modernization theory talks about how economic development increases the likelihood of democratization. Several other theories also exist like how political culture helps to shape the potential for democracy. (1)
|Procedural Definition of Democracy||Substantive Definition of Democracy|
|Is it even a democracy?||What is the nature/level of the democracy?|
In what ways are we able to classify a regime as a democracy? Are there more specific classifications than ‘democratic’?
How can a regime democratize of face democratic breakdown? What might happen should this occur?
How do democracy and economic development interact?
Is it possible to argue that democracy is a result of only economic success, political culture, institutions, or agents of change? Essentially, do the theories of democratization overlap?
1. James Tyler Dickovick and Jonathan Eastwood. Comparative Politics: Integrating Theories, Methods, and Cases. Oxford:Oxford University Press, 2017. Pg. 144
- Hungarians Take to the Streets to Protest an Election Seen as a Hammer Blow to Democracy–
- The Intercept. “Hungarians Take to the Streets to Protest an Election Seen as a Hammer Blow to Democracy.” The Intercept, 15 Apr. 2018, http://www.theintercept.com/2018/04/15/hungarians-take-streets-protest-election-seen-hammer-blow-democracy/.
- Democracy is dying in Hungary. The rest of the world should worry.-
- O’Brien, Matt. “Perspective | Democracy Is Dying in Hungary. The Rest of the World Should Worry.” The Washington Post, WP Company, 12 Apr. 2018, http://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2018/04/12/democracy-is-dying-in-hungary-the-rest-of-the-world-should-worry/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.ee55b2fc5282.
- How Endangered Is American Democracy?-
- Berman, Ari. “How Endangered Is American Democracy?” The New York Times, The New York Times, 13 Apr. 2018, http://www.nytimes.com/2018/04/13/books/review/steven-levitsky-daniel-ziblatt-how-democracies-die.html.
|Modernization theory (Lipset)||Cultural theories:||Systemic or structural theories:||Domestic institutional theories:||Agency-based theories:|
|A theory that traces democracy to broad social changes especially economic development and the changes that accompany it.||These theories attribute democratization and democratic consolidation ton cultural variables that predispose some countries to democracy and prevent or hinder democracy in other places.||These theories situate countries in an international environment where major powers or global trends may condition whether democracy emerges or not.||These theories find that the advent and success of democracy depend on the forms of political institutions within a country (such as political parties and interest groups, or the ways branches of government are shaped).||These theories argue that individual actors, or small groups of actors, are the drivers of change in regime types (whether democratic or authoritarian).|