Although the concept does not make it to the ITMC as a chapter, the Judiciary is one of the core institutions that make up a state. It is a system of courts that interprets, alters and applies laws and the Constitution on each case and sets precedents for the next ones. As constitutions usually outlines, the Judiciary has separate power from other institutions of the state to determine whether or not an action taken by a person, institution or government is constitutional. Independent judiciaries are important for democratic regimes, since they maintain checks and balance and establish rule of law in the government.
- What are the roles of a judiciary in a regime?
- Should the judiciary be separated from other political institutions?
- Who should appoint judges in the judiciary?
- How does an independent judiciary help or hurt a democracy?
- What are the ways authoritarian regimes hinder the functions of judiciaries?
- What problem arise when the judiciary is not separate from other political institutions?